Let's focus on the ICE part. There was at least one mistake I did in my BIOS book that I didn't realize due to my handicap in not having an ICE and its related skills. You can see it in the quoted errata below (it's also in the addendum part of my book over at github):
The address aliasing mentioned in Chapter 4 section 4.1.1 page 4 (the paging messed-up in the PDF) should cover both E-segment and F-Segment (E_0000h-F_FFFFh), not just the last 64-KB segment. Somebody used a sort of CPU logic analyzer to confirm this fact.The guy who tipped me over about this was using an expensive ICE to validate the fact above. I'm not exactly sure how he tapped all of the "wires" on the chipsets and the CPU itself, but very probably similar in principle to what "Bunnie" did to the first XBox version (see: http://www.xenatera.com/bunnie/proj/anatak/xboxmod.html). IIRC, the was using one of Arium ICE products. Arium was acquired by another company, see: http://www.asset-intertech.com. However, their ICE products live on as (very probably) the ScanWorks and SourcePoint line of products from asset-intertech. These ICE products used to cost north of $20k a piece back then. I don't know about it at the moment though. With an ICE, you essentially put the CPU in a "hard" debug mode, where you can freeze it in a way ordinary debugger cannot because there is no OS or firmware required for that to happen.
Anyway, I was quite surprised to find a "low cost" version of this kind of ICE over at: http://www.loper-os.org/?p=1667. Well, I'd like to thank to whoever posted a comment about this ICE in my previous post. It's very interesting nonetheless ;-).
Anyway, for the uninitiated, a (not so) useful background is at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In-circuit_emulation
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